Get an overview of the "central dogma" of molecular biology! Learn how a gene's DNA is copied into RNA (transcription), which is then "decoded" to specify the amino acid sequence of a protein (translation).
Transcription is the first step in gene expression. It involves copying, or transcribing, the DNA sequence of a gene into the similar "alphabet" of RNA nucleotides. Learn more about this crucial cellular process.
How does a gene in your DNA provide instructions for building a protein? In gene expression, a DNA sequence is first copied to make an RNA molecule, which is then "decoded" to build a protein. Learn more about this remarkable process, shared by all living things.